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Influence of particle characteristics and organic matter content on the bioavailability and bioaccumulation of pyrene by clams

Guerrero, N. R. V., Taylor, M. G., Wider, E. A. and Simkiss, K. (2003) Influence of particle characteristics and organic matter content on the bioavailability and bioaccumulation of pyrene by clams. Environmental Pollution, 121 (1). pp. 115-122. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract/Summary

Hydrophobic chemicals are known to associate with sediment particles including those from both suspended particulate matter and bottom deposits. The complex and variable composition of natural particles makes it very difficult therefore, to predict the bioavailability of sediment-bound contaminants. To overcome these problems we have previously devised a test system using artificial particles, with or without humic acids, for use as an experimental model of natural sediments. In the present work we have applied this experimental technique to investigate the bioavailability and bioaccumulation of pyrene by the freshwater fingernail clam Sphaerium corneum. The uptake and accumulation of pyrene in clams exposed to the chemical in the presence of a sample of natural sediment was also investigated. According to the results obtained, particle surface properties and organic matter content are the key factors for assessing the bioavailability and bioaccumulation of pyrene by clams. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10758
Uncontrolled Keywords:artificial particles, humic acids, particle-bound contaminants, pyrene, bioavailability, Sphaerium corneum, FRESH-WATER, CHIRONOMUS-RIPARIUS, HUMIC SUBSTANCES, SEDIMENTS, TOXICITY, PENTACHLOROPHENOL, BIOCONCENTRATION, CHEMICALS, ACIDS, DOM

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