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The chromosomal assessment of salt tolerant substituted tritipyrum using genomic fluorescent in situ hybridiization (FISH)

Hassani, H.S., Caligari, P.D.S. and Miller, T. (2003) The chromosomal assessment of salt tolerant substituted tritipyrum using genomic fluorescent in situ hybridiization (FISH). Iranian Journal of Biotechnology, 1 (3). pp. 169-178. ISSN 1728-3043

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Official URL: http://ijb.nigeb.ac.ir/index.php/ijb/article/view/...

Abstract/Summary

Wheat, although moderately tolerant to salt, can not be cultivated in many areas. However, in the triticeae tribe, some of the wild wheat relatives are highly tolerant, e.g. Thinopyrum bessarabicum, which grows on the sea shore. Eight primary hexaploid tritipyrum lines, amphiploids between Triticum durum and Thinopyrum bessarabicum have been produced which can set seed in at least 250 mM NaCl. These tritipyrums (2n=6x=42, AABBEbEb) due to reasons such as brittle rachis, continuous production of tillers, late maturity, tall stature and meiotic instability will not fulfill the requirements of a successful commercial salt tolerant crop. To overcome such problems the substituted tritipyrum, in which selected Eb chromosomes are replaced by D genome chromosomes of 6x wheat, was produced from 6x tritipyrum x 6x wheat hybrids (F1: 2n=6x=42, AABBDEb) followed by selfing and backcrossing with 6x tritipyrum. The fertile plants among the above progenies were screened by the genomic fluorescent in situ hybridization technique to identify their Eb and D chromosome constitution. This study showed that producing tritiprum with variable numbers of Eb and D genome chromosomes is feasible and that FISH is a useful technique for determining the number of Eb chromosomes present.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10766
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tritipyrum, substituted tritipyrum, Fluorescent In situ Hybridization, salinity

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