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Invertebrate food supply and breeding success of Mallards Anas platyrhynchos at flooded gravel quarries in southern Britain

Robinson, J. A., Aldridge, N. S., Wright, L. and Culzac, L. G. (2003) Invertebrate food supply and breeding success of Mallards Anas platyrhynchos at flooded gravel quarries in southern Britain. Ardea, 91 (1). pp. 3-9. ISSN 0373-2266

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Abstract/Summary

Reproductive parameters of Mallard Anas platyrhynchos were investigated in relation to vegetative development, physical characteristics and invertebrate food abundance of a complex of flooded gravel quarries in southern Britain. Breeding pair density over the study area was particularly high with 2.2 pairs km(-1) of shoreline. Across all lakes breeding success was limited to an average of 0.9 ducklings fledged pair(-1), yet an associated study showed that very little of the mortality could be attributed to predation. The results of stepwise multiple regressions indicated that the availability of emerging insects was important in determining the breeding density and breeding success of Mallards rather than habitat structure. We suggest that the overall great availability of suitable nest-sites combined with the variable but unmeasured stocking densities of fish may explain the lack of the latter correlations.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10859
Uncontrolled Keywords:Anas platyrhynchos, breeding success, food availability, habitat, structure, HABITAT USE, SURVIVAL, BROODS, DUCKS, FISH

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