Fracture toughness and cutting
Atkins, A.G. (2004) Fracture toughness and cutting. Engineering fracture mechanics, 12 (2). pp. 263-274. ISSN 0013-7944
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/00207547408919554
An exploratory model for cutting is presented which incorporates fracture toughness as well as the commonly considered effects of plasticity and friction. The periodic load fluctuations Been in cutting force dynamometer tests are predicted, and considerations of chatter and surface finish follow. A non-dimensional group is put forward to classify different regimes of material response to machining. It leads to tentative explanations for the difficulties of cutting materials such as ceramics and brittlo polymers, and also relates to the formation of discontinuous chips. Experiments on a range of solids with widely varying toughness/strength ratios generally agree with the analysis.