Modelling the torsional interaction of wire and polyester fibre ropes used for offshore moorings
Bradon, J.E., Ridge, I.M.L. and Chaplin, C.R. (2005) Modelling the torsional interaction of wire and polyester fibre ropes used for offshore moorings. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment , 219 (4). pp. 163-172. ISSN 2041-3084
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1243/14750902JEME35
Oil rig mooring lines have traditionally consisted of chain and wire rope. As production has moved into deeper water it has proved advantageous to incorporate sections of fibre rope into the mooring lines. However, this has highlighted torsional interaction problems that can occur when ropes of different types are joined together. This paper describes a method by which the torsional properties of ropes can be modelled and can then be used to calculate the rotation and torque for two ropes connected in series. The method uses numerical representations of the torsional characteristics of both the ropes, and equates the torque generated in each rope under load to determine the rotation at the connection point. Data from rope torsional characterization tests have been analysed to derive constants used in the numerical model. Constants are presented for: a six-strand wire rope; a torque-balanced fibre rope; and a fibre rope that has been designed to be torque-matched to stranded wire rope. The calculation method has been verified by comparing predicted rotations with measured test values. Worked examples are given for a six-strand wire rope connected, firstly, to a torque-balanced fibre rope that offers little rotational restraint, and, secondly, to a fibre rope whose torsional properties are matched to that of the wire rope.