Using TerraSAR-X data for improved urban flood model validation.
Mason, D.C., Speck, R., Schumann, G., Neal, J. and Bates, P.D. (2008) Using TerraSAR-X data for improved urban flood model validation. In: 3rd TerraSAR-X Science Team Meeting, 25-6 November 2008, DLR Oberpfaffenhofen.
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Urban flood inundation models require considerable data for their parameterisation, calibration and validation. TerraSAR-X should be suitable for urban flood detection because of its high resolution in stripmap/spotlight modes. The paper describes ongoing work on a project to assess how well TerraSAR-X can detect flooded regions in urban areas, and how well these can constrain the parameters of an urban flood model. The study uses a TerraSAR-X image of a 1-in-150 year flood near Tewkesbury, UK , in 2007, for which contemporaneous aerial photography exists for validation. The DLR SETES SAR simulator was used in conjunction with LiDAR data to estimate regions of the image in which water would not be visible due to shadow or layover caused by buildings and vegetation. An algorithm for the delineation of flood water in urban areas is described, together with its validation using the aerial photographs.