A perspective on chaos theory: Potential applications to intelligent buildings
Clements-Croome, D., Lu, X. S. and ViIjanen, M. (2008) A perspective on chaos theory: Potential applications to intelligent buildings. In: Liu, J. J., Zhang, T. F. and Zhai, Z. Q. (eds.) First International Conference on Building Energy and Environment, Proceedings Vols 1-3. Dalian Univ Technol Press, Dalian, pp. 1811-1818. ISBN 9780981688169
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Mathematical models have been vitally important in the development of technologies in building engineering. A literature review identifies that linear models are the most widely used building simulation models. The advent of intelligent buildings has added new challenges in the application of the existing models as an intelligent building requires learning and self-adjusting capabilities based on environmental and occupants' factors. It is therefore argued that the linearity is an impropriate basis for any model of either complex building systems or occupant behaviours for control or whatever purpose. Chaos and complexity theory reflects nonlinear dynamic properties of the intelligent systems excised by occupants and environment and has been used widely in modelling various engineering, natural and social systems. It is proposed that chaos and complexity theory be applied to study intelligent buildings. This paper gives a brief description of chaos and complexity theory and presents its current positioning, recent developments in building engineering research and future potential applications to intelligent building studies, which provides a bridge between chaos and complexity theory and intelligent building research.