The automatic identification and prioritisation of criminal networks from police crime data
Adderley, R., Badii, A. and Wu, C. (2008) The automatic identification and prioritisation of criminal networks from police crime data. In: OrtizArroyo, D., Larsen, H.L., Zeng, D.D., Hicks, D. and Wagner, G. (eds.) Intelligence and security informatics, proceedings. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 5–14. ISBN 9783540898993
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The identification of criminal networks is not a routine exploratory process within the current practice of the law enforcement authorities; rather it is triggered by specific evidence of criminal activity being investigated. A network is identified when a criminal comes to notice and any associates who could also be potentially implicated would need to be identified if only to be eliminated from the enquiries as suspects or witnesses as well as to prevent and/or detect crime. However, an identified network may not be the one causing most harm in a given area.. This paper identifies a methodology to identify all of the criminal networks that are present within a Law Enforcement Area, and, prioritises those that are causing most harm to the community. Each crime is allocated a score based on its crime type and how recently the crime was committed; the network score, which can be used as decision support to help prioritise it for law enforcement purposes, is the sum of the individual crime scores.