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Switching curve control of functional electrical stimulation assisted rowing exercise in paraplegia

Davoodi, R. and Andrews, B. J. (2003) Switching curve control of functional electrical stimulation assisted rowing exercise in paraplegia. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 41 (2). pp. 183-189. ISSN 1741-0444

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Abstract/Summary

An indoor rowing machine has been modified for functional electrical stimulation (FES) assisted rowing exercise in paraplegia. To perform the rowing manoeuvre successfully, however, the voluntarily controlled upper body movements must be co-ordinated with the movements of the electrically stimulated paralysed legs. To achieve such co-ordination, an automatic FES controller was developed that employs two levels of hierarchy. At the upper level, a finite state controller identifies the state or phase of the rowing cycle and activates the appropriate lower-level controller, in which electrical stimulation to the paralysed leg muscles is applied with reference to switching curves representing the desired seat velocity as a function of the seat position. In a pilot study, the hierarchical control of FES rowing was shown to be intuitive, reliable and easy to use. Compared with open-loop control of stimulation, all three variants of the closed-loop switching curve controllers used less muscle stimulation per rowing cycle (73% of the open-loop control on average). Further, the closed-loop controller that used switching curves derived from normal rowing kinematics used the lowest muscle stimulation (65% of the open-loop control) and was the most convenient to use for the client.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science
ID Code:15197
Uncontrolled Keywords:finite state control, switching curve, on/off control, PID control, RESPONSES
Publisher:Springer

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