Designing dietary interventions: a reappraisal of the demographic and socio-economic determinants of dietary choice in the UK
Srinivasan, C. S. (2010) Designing dietary interventions: a reappraisal of the demographic and socio-economic determinants of dietary choice in the UK. In: Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economics Society, 29-31 March 2010, Edinburgh, pp. 1-15. (Unpublished)
The facilitation of healthier dietary choices by consumers is one of the key elements of the UK Government’s food strategy. Designing and targeting dietary interventions requires a clear understanding of the determinants of dietary choice. Conventional analysis of the determinants of dietary choice has focused on mean response functions which may mask significant differences in the dietary behaviour of different segments of the population. In this paper we use a quantile regression approach to investigate how food consumption behaviour varies amongst UK households in different segments of the population, especially in the upper and lower quantiles characterised by healthy or unhealthy consumption patterns. We find that the effect of demographic determinants of dietary choice on households that exhibit less healthy consumption patterns differs significantly from that on households that make healthier consumption choices. A more nuanced understanding of the differences in the behavioural responses of households making less-healthy eating choices provides useful insights for the design and targeting of measures to promote healthier diets.
Boukovoulas,G, Shankar, B and Traill, W.B. (2009). Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Intake in England: A Re-examination Based on Quantile Regression. Public Health Nutrition, 12(11), 2183-2191. Cabinet Office (2008). Food Matters: Towards a Strategy for the 21st Century. The Strategy Unit, Cabinet Office. Accessed from http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/strategy/assets/food/food_matters1.pdf DEFRA (2007).Family Food: A Report on the 2007 Expenditure and Food Survey. A National Statistics Publication by DEFRA, London (TSO). Department of Health (1991). Dietary Reference Values of Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report on Health & Social Subjects 41. Report of the Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. TSO, UK. European Food Information Council (2008). The Determinants of Food Choice. Accessed from http://www.eufic.org/article/en/page/RARCHIVE/expid/review-food-choice/ Giskes, K.,Turrell G, van Lenth, F.J. and Mackenbach J.P. (2006). A Multi-Level Study of Socio-Economic Inequalities in Food Choice Behaviour and Dietary Intake Among the Dutch Population: The GLOBE Study. Public Health Nutrition 9, 75-83. Koenker, R. (2005). Quantile Regression. Cambridge University Press. Ricciuto, L, Tarasuk, V. and Yatchew A. (2006). Socio-demogrpahic Influences on Food Purchasing Among Canadian Households. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 60, 778-790. Roos, E, Lahelma, E, Virtanen, M. Prattala, R and Pietinen, P (1998). Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Family Status as Determinants of Food Behaviour. Social Science and Medicine, 12 (15), 1519-1529. Sinha, K. (2005). Household Characteristics and Calorie Intake in Rural India: A Quantile Regression Approach. Accessed fromhttp://dspace.anu.edu.au/bitstream/1885/43190/1/WP2005_02.pdf Turrell, G., Hewitt, B., Patterson, C.,Oldengburg, B. and Gould, T. (2002). Socio-Economic Differences in Food Purchasing Behaviour and Suggested Implications for Diet-Related Health Promotion. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 15 (5), 355-364. Variyam, J.N., Blaylock, J. and Smallwood, D. (2002). Characterizing the Distribution of Macronutrient Intakes Among US Adults: A Quantile Regression Approach. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 82(2), 454-466. WHO (2003). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases: Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation, Geneva, 28 January - 1 February 2002, WHO Technical Report Series: 916. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Repository Staff Only: item control page