A neural network enhanced generalized minimum variance self-tuning proportional, integral and derivative control algorithm for complex dynamic systems
Zhu, Q. M. and Warwick, K. (2002) A neural network enhanced generalized minimum variance self-tuning proportional, integral and derivative control algorithm for complex dynamic systems. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers- Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering, 216 (3). pp. 265-273. ISSN 0959-6518
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Official URL: http://pep.metapress.com/content/y7n678556211760x/
A neural network enhanced proportional, integral and derivative (PID) controller is presented that combines the attributes of neural network learning with a generalized minimum-variance self-tuning control (STC) strategy. The neuro PID controller is structured with plant model identification and PID parameter tuning. The plants to be controlled are approximated by an equivalent model composed of a simple linear submodel to approximate plant dynamics around operating points, plus an error agent to accommodate the errors induced by linear submodel inaccuracy due to non-linearities and other complexities. A generalized recursive least-squares algorithm is used to identify the linear submodel, and a layered neural network is used to detect the error agent in which the weights are updated on the basis of the error between the plant output and the output from the linear submodel. The procedure for controller design is based on the equivalent model, and therefore the error agent is naturally functioned within the control law. In this way the controller can deal not only with a wide range of linear dynamic plants but also with those complex plants characterized by severe non-linearity, uncertainties and non-minimum phase behaviours. Two simulation studies are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the controller design procedure.