Evaluation of dichroic material for enhancing light pipe/natural ventilation and daylighting in an integrated system
Elmualim, A. A., Smith, S., Riffat, S. B. and Shao, L. (1999) Evaluation of dichroic material for enhancing light pipe/natural ventilation and daylighting in an integrated system. Applied Energy, 62 (4). pp. 253-266. ISSN 0306-2619
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/S0306-2619(99)00014-8
Integration of natural ventilation and daylighting in a single installation would make both technologies more attractive. One method for the integration is the use of concentric light pipe and ventilation stack. By constructing the light pipe using dichroic materials, the infrared part of the solar radiation is allowed to be transmitted to the stack but the visible light is guided by the light pipe into a room. The heat gain to the interior can be reduced and the thermal stack effect strengthened. Work presented here involved the experimental and computational evaluation of dichroic materials for enhancing both natural stack ventilation and daylighting. The transmittance of a dichroic light pipe was found to be similar to that of a light pipe with a 95% specular reflectance. The infra-red radiation transmitted through the dichroic material into a passive stack was found to enhance the natural ventilation flow by up to 14%. The effect is greater in summer than in winter, which is highly desirable as there is often a lack of driving force for natural stack ventilation in summer.