Visual Object Recognition Using Deformable Models of Vehicles
Sullivan, G.D., Worrall, A.D. and Ferryman, J.M. (1995) Visual Object Recognition Using Deformable Models of Vehicles. In: Workshop on Context-Based Vision, 19th June 1995, Cambridge Massachusetts, pp. 75-86.
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This workshop paper reports recent developments to a vision system for traffic interpretation which relies extensively on the use of geometrical and scene context. Firstly, a new approach to pose refinement is reported, based on forces derived from prominent image derivatives found close to an initial hypothesis. Secondly, a parameterised vehicle model is reported, able to represent different vehicle classes. This general vehicle model has been fitted to sample data, and subjected to a Principal Component Analysis to create a deformable model of common car types having 6 parameters. We show that the new pose recovery technique is also able to operate on the PCA model, to allow the structure of an initial vehicle hypothesis to be adapted to fit the prevailing context. We report initial experiments with the model, which demonstrate significant improvements to pose recovery.