Options for enhancing the biodiversity value of intensive livestock farms: experience from the English agri-environment schemes
Mortimer, S. R. (2011) Options for enhancing the biodiversity value of intensive livestock farms: experience from the English agri-environment schemes. In: Conserving farmland biodiversity: lessons learned and future prospects, 25-26 May 2011, Wexford, pp. 19-23.
Official URL: http://www.teagasc.ie/publications/2011/996/index....
Permanent grassland makes up a greater proportion of the agricultural area in the UK and Ireland than in any other EU country, representing 60% and 72% of UAA respectively (Eurostat 2007). Of the permanent grassland in the UK, approximately half (about 6 million hectares) comprises improved grassland on moist or free-draining neutral soils typical of lowland livestock farms. These swards tend to have low plant species richness and are typically dominated by perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). The aim of this paper is to review the ways in which biodiversity of such farmland can be enhanced, focussing on the evidence behind management options in English agri-environment schemes (AES) at a range of scales and utilising a range of mechanisms.
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