Dynamic stall for a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine in a two-dimensional study
Vahdati, M., Nobile, R., Barlow, J. and Mewburn-Crook, A. (2011) Dynamic stall for a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine in a two-dimensional study. In: World Renewable Energy Congress , 8-13th May 2011, Linköping University, Sweden. (Volume 15 (Wind Energy Applications) )
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Official URL: http://www.ep.liu.sehttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp1...
The last few years have proved that Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs) are more suitable for urban areas than Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines (HAWTs). To date, very little has been published in this area to assess good performance and lifetime of VAWTs either in open or urban areas. At low tip speed ratios (TSRs<5), VAWTs are subjected to a phenomenon called 'dynamic stall'. This can really affect the fatigue life of a VAWT if it is not well understood. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how CFD is able to simulate the dynamic stall for 2-D flow around VAWT blades. During the numerical simulations different turbulence models were used and compared with the data available on the subject. In this numerical analysis the Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model seems to predict the dynamic stall better than the other turbulence models available. The limitations of the study are that the simulations are based on a 2-D case with constant wind and rotational speeds instead of considering a 3-D case with variable wind speeds. This approach was necessary for having a numerical analysis at low computational cost and time. Consequently, in the future it is strongly suggested to develop a more sophisticated model that is a more realistic simulation of a dynamic stall in a three-dimensional VAWT.