Smith, A. C. (2012) Personifications. In: Bagnall, R., Brodersen , K., Champion, C., Erskine, A. and Huebner, S. (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Ancient History. WIley, London. ISBN 9781405179355
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah17331
Artists as early as Homer created personifications – representations of nouns in human form – to explain aspects of the primary characters, particularly Olympian divinities: the Litai (Prayers) as daughters of Zeus, for example, express an aspect of Zeus' broad-ranging powers.