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Protecting degraded rainforests: enhancement of forest carbon stocks under REDD+

Edwards, D. P., Fisher, B. and Boyd, E. (2010) Protecting degraded rainforests: enhancement of forest carbon stocks under REDD+. Conservation Letters, 3 (5). pp. 313-316. ISSN 1755-263X

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00143.x

Abstract/Summary

The likely Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) mechanism includes strategies for the enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Recent concerns have been expressed that such enhancement, or restoration, of forest carbon could be counterproductive to biodiversity conservation, because forests are managed as “carbon farms” with the application of intensive silvicultural management that could homogenize diverse degraded rainforests. Restoration increases regeneration rates in degraded forest compared to naturally regenerating forest, and thus could yield significant financial returns for carbon sequestered. Here, we argue that such forest restoration projects are, in fact, likely to provide a number of benefits to biodiversity conservation including the retention of biodiversity, the prevention of forest conversion to agriculture, and employment opportunities for poor local communities. As with other forms of forest-based carbon offsets, there are possible moral hazard and leakage problems with restoration. However, due to the multiple benefits, we urge that enhancement of forest carbon stocks be detailed as a major component in the future negotiations of REDD+.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Human Environments
ID Code:24689
Uncontrolled Keywords:Agricultural conversion; carbon-offset; CDM;community development; Kyoto protocol; selective logging; silviculture
Publisher:Wiley

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