Walled in: ordinary East Germans' responses to 13 August 1961
Major, P. (2011) Walled in: ordinary East Germans' responses to 13 August 1961. German Politics and Society, 29 (2). pp. 8-22. ISSN 1558-5441
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To link to this article DOI: 10.3167/gps.2011.290202
The building of the Berlin Wall on 13 August 1961 had repercussions not only on the international scene, but also for the power relationship between state and society in the German Democratic Republic. This article considers the short-, medium- and long-term reactions of the East German population to the border closure from a personal and political perspective, examining key groups such as educated elites, workers, and young people. The closed society elicited a new deference in the short term, but the author argues for considerable continuities of low-level disruptive behavior before and after 13 August. In the longer term, there was a generation born behind the Wall which by simple habituation rather than a conscious decision was forced to accept the new contours of the geopolitical landscape created by the Wall.