Coping with linguistic challenges in UK higher education: the use of strategies by Chinese research students
Li, D. (2007) Coping with linguistic challenges in UK higher education: the use of strategies by Chinese research students. Language Learning Journal, 35 (2). pp. 205-219. ISSN 1753-2167
Full text not archived in this repository.
To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/09571730701599237
The present study sets out to examine the strategies used by Chinese learners in a predominantly naturalistic environment and how such learner strategy use relates to their proficiency in the second language. Data were collected from four Chinese research students in the UK using semi-structured interviews. Their proficiency in English was assessed with an oral interview and a listening test. The main findings from this study are that the learners used a wide range of strategies overall, including metacognitive, cognitive, social/affective and compensation strategies. The majority of the commonly reported strategies were metacognitive strategies, suggesting that the learners were self-directed and attempting to manage their own learning in an informal context. They also showed idiosyncrasies in their use of learner strategies. Attempts to explain the learners’ strategy use in relation to their levels of proficiency in English and contextual factors, as well as several other factors, are offered. Implications for target-country institutions in terms of the provision of support to Chinese students are discussed.
Bedell, D. A. & Oxford, R. L. (1996) Cross-cultural comparisons of language learning strategies in the People’s Republic of China and other countries, in: R. L. Oxford (Ed.) Language learning strategies around the world: cross-cultural perspectives (Honolulu, University of Hawai’i at Manoa), 47–60. Carson, J. G. & Longhini, A. (2002) Focusing on learning styles and strategies: a diary study in an immersion setting, Language Learning, 52, 401–438. Chamot, A. U. & Ku¨ pper, L. (1989) Learning strategies in foreign language instruction, Foreign Language Annals, 22, 13–24. Cohen, A. D. (1998) Strategies in learning and using a second language (London, Longman). Cook, V. (Ed.) (2002) Portraits of the L2 user (Clevedon, Multilingual Matters). Edwards, V. K. (1986) Language in a black community (Clevedon, Multilingual Matters). Edwards, V. K. & An, R. (2005) Meeting the needs of Chinese students in British higher education Available online at: www.ncll.org.uk/research (accessed 9 December 2005). Færch, C. & Kasper, G. (1983) Plans and strategies in foreign language communication, in: C. Færch & G. Kasper (Eds) Strategies in interlanguage communication (London, Longman), 20–60. Graham, S. (1997) Effective language learning (Clevedon, Multilingual Matters). Horwitz, E. K., Horwitz, M. B. & Cope, J. (1986) Foreign language classroom anxiety, Modern Language Journal, 70, 125–132. IDP Education Australia (2004) Available online at: www.idp.com (accessed 12 October 2004). Jin, L. (1992) Academic cultural expectations and second language use: Chinese postgraduate students in the UK—a cultural synergy model. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, The University of Leicester. Jin, L. & Cortazzi, M. (1996) This way is very different from Chinese ways: EAP needs and academic culture, Review of ELT, 6, 205–216. Jones, R. L. (1979) The FSI oral interview, in: B. Spolsky (Ed.) Some major tests (Arlington, Center for Applied Linguistics), 104–115. Krashen, S. D. (1987) Principles and practice in second language acquisition (New York, Prentice-Hall International). Larsen, K., Martin, J. P. & Morris, R. (2002) Trade in educational services: trends and emerging issues (Paris, OECD). Li, D. (2001) Motivation, learner strategies, and social networks in second language acquisition in Chinese research students. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, The University of Reading. Macaro, E. (2001) Learning strategies in foreign and second language classrooms (London, Continuum). Milroy, L. (1987) Language and social networks (Oxford, Basil Blackwell). Naiman, N., Fro¨hlich, M., Stern, H. H. & Todesco, A. (1996) The good language learner (Clevedon, Multilingual Matters). O’Malley, J. M. & Chamot, A. U. (1990) Learning strategies in second language acquisition (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press). O’Malley, J. M., Chamot, A. U. & Ku¨ pper, L. (1989) Listening comprehension strategies in second language acquisition, Applied Linguistics, 10, 418–437. O’Malley, J. M., Chamot, A. U., Stewner-Manzanares, G., Kupper, L. & Russo, R. P. (1985) Learning strategies used by beginning and intermediate ESL students, Language Learning, 35, 21–46. Oxford, R. L. (1990) Language learning strategies: what every teacher should know (New York, Newbury House Publishers). Oxford, R. L. (Ed.) (1996) Language learning strategies around the world: cross-cultural perspectives (Honolulu, University of Hawai’i at Manoa). Politzer, R. L. & McGroarty, M. (1985) An exploratory study of learning behaviours and their relationship to gains in linguistic and communicative competence, TESOL Quarterly, 19, 103– 123. Rubin, J. (1975) What the ‘good language learner’ can teach us, TESOL Quarterly, 9, 41–51. Stern, H. H. (1975) What can we learn from the good language learner?, Canadian Modern Language Review, 31, 304–318. Tarone, E. (1981) Some thoughts on the notion of ‘communication strategy’, TESOL Quarterly, 15, 285–295. UK Higher Education Statistics Agency (2004) Available online at: www.hesa.ac.uk (accessed 12 October 2004). Vandergrift, L. (1997) The comprehension strategies of second language (French) listeners: a descriptive study, Foreign Language Annals, 30, 387–409. Vann, R. J. & Abraham, R. G. (1990) Strategies of unsuccessful language learners, TESOL Quarterly, 24, 177–198. Wenden, A. L. (1987) How to be a successful language learner: insights and prescriptions from L2 learners, in: A. L. Wenden & J. Rubin (Eds) Learner strategies in language learning (New York, Prentice Hall), 103–117. Wenden, A. L. (1998) Metacognitive knowledge and language learning, Applied Linguistics, 19, 515–537. Wesche, M. B. (1994) Input and interaction in second language acquisition, in: C. Gallaway & B. J. Richards (Eds) Input and interaction in language acquisition (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press), 219–249. Zeng, J. (1996) When east meets west: mainland Chinese students and scholars in UK higher education institutions, Journal of International Education, 9, 9–15.
Centaur Editors: Update this record