Motivation in second language acquisition in Chinese research students in the UK
Li, D. (2006) Motivation in second language acquisition in Chinese research students in the UK. Evaluation and Research in Education, 19 (1). pp. 38-58. ISSN 1747-7514
Full text not archived in this repository.
To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/09500790608668324
The present study sets out to examine motivation to learn English by Chinese research students in an informal setting. Data were collected, using semi-structured interviews, from four research students at two points in time during their first year in the UK. The main findings are: they believed that learning English was important; their main goal orientations were instrumental and extrinsic; they set learning goals and persisted to attain them; they valued their current learning environment in general and saw it as supportive of their goals; they held both positive and negative attitudes towards the British, which had differential effects on their motivation; their self-perceived support seemed to have a positive impact on their motivation and the development of self-confidence; they tended to attribute their success to stable causes such as the environment and failure to unstable but controllable causes such as effort. It is concluded that qualitative data of this kind may complement insights from quantitative research. Implications for target country institutions in the provision of support are discussed.
Cle´ment, R. (1980) Ethnicity, contact and communicative competence in a second language. In H. Giles, W. Robinson and P. Smith (eds) Language: Social Psychological Perspectives (pp. 147154). Oxford: Pergamon Press. Cle´ment, R., Do¨rnyei, Z. and Noels, K. (1994) Motivation, self-confidence, and group cohesion in the foreign language classroom. Language Learning 44, 417448. Crookes, G. and Schmidt, R. (1991) Motivation: Reopening the research agenda. Language Learning 41, 469512. Denzin, N.K. (1978) The Research Act: A Theoretical Introduction to Sociological Methods (2nd edn). New York: McGraw Hill. Do¨ rnyei, Z. (1990) Conceptualizing motivation in foreign language learning. Language Learning 40, 4578. Do¨ rnyei, Z. (1994) Motivation and motivating in the foreign language classroom. The Modern Language Journal 78, 273284. Do¨ rnyei, Z. (1998) Motivation in second and foreign language learning. Language Teaching 31, 117135. Do¨ rnyei, Z. (2001) Teaching and Researching Motivation . Harlow, England: Pearson Education. Do¨ rnyei, Z. (2003) Attitudes, orientations, and motivations in language learning: Advances in theory, research, and applications. Language Learning 53 (Suppl. 1), 332. Edwards, V.K. (1986) Language in a Black Community. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Ellis, R. (2004) Individual differences in second language learning. In A. Davies and C. Elder (eds) The Handbook of Applied Linguistics (pp. 525551). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. Gardner, R.C. (1972) Motivational variables in second-language acquisition. In R.C. Gardner and W.E. Lambert (eds) Attitudes and Motivation in Second-language Learning (pp. 199216). Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers. Gardner, R.C. (1985) Social Psychology and Second language Learning: The Role of Attitudes and Motivation. London: Edward Arnold. Gardner, R.C. (1996) Motivation and second language acquisition: Perspectives. Journal of the CAAL 18, 1942. Gardner, R.C., Day, J. and MacIntyre, P.D. (1992) Integrative motivation, induced anxiety, and language learning in a controlled environment. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 14, 197214. Gardner, R.C. and Lambert, W.E. (1959) Motivational variables in secondlanguage acquisition. Canadian Journal of Psychology 13, 266272. Gardner, R.C. and Lambert, W.E. (1972) Attitudes and Motivation in Second-language Learning . Rowley, MA: Newbury House. Gardner, R.C. and MacIntyre, P.D. (1991) An instrumental motivation in language study: Who says it isn’t effective. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 13, 5772. Gardner, R.C. and MacIntyre, P.D. (1993a) A student’s contributions to second language learning. Part II: Affective variables. Language Teaching 26, 111. Gardner, R.C. and MacIntyre, P.D. (1993b) On the measurement of affective variables in second language learning. Language Learning 43, 157194. Gardner, R.C. and Smythe, P.C. (1981) On the development of the attitude/motivation test battery. Canadian Modern Language Review 37, 510525. Graham, S. (1994) Classroom motivation from an attributional perspective. In H.F. O’Neil Jr. and M. Drillings (eds) Motivation: Theory and Research (pp. 3148). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Graham, S. (2004) Giving up on modern foreign languages? Students’ perceptions of learning French. The Modern Language Journal 88, 171191. Hammersley, M. and Atkinson, P. (1995) Ethnography: Principles in Practice . London: Routledge. IDP Education Australia (2004) On WWWat http://www.idp.com. Accessed 12.10.04. Jin, L. (1992) Academic cultural expectations and second language use: Chinese postgraduate students in the UK A cultural synergy model. PhD thesis, University of Leicester. Jin, L. and Cortazzi, M. (1996) ‘This way is very different from Chinese ways’: EAP needs and academic culture. Review of ELT 6, 205216. Kondo, K. (1998) Motivating bilingual and semibilingual university students of Japanese. SLRF (Second Language Research Forum) Conference, University of Hawai’i at Manoa. Larsen, K., Martin, J.P. and Morris, R. (2002) Trade in Educational Services: Trends and Emerging Issues . OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Working Paper. Li, D. (2001) Motivation, learner strategies, and social networks in second language acquisition in Chinese research students. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Reading. Locke, E.A. and Latham, G.P. (1994) Goal setting theory. In H.F. O’Neil Jr. and M. Drillings (eds) Motivation: Theory and Research (pp. 1330). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. MacIntyre, P.D. (2002) Motivation, anxiety and emotion in second language acquisition. In P. Robinson (ed.) Individual Differences and Instructed Language Learning (pp. 4568). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Masgoret, A-M. and Gardner, R.C. (2003) Attitudes, motivation, and second language learning: A meta-analysis of studies conducted by Gardner and associates. Language Learning 53, 123163. Milroy, L. (1987) Language and Social Networks. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Noels, K.A., Pelletier, L.G., Cle´ment, R. and Vallerand, R.J. (2003) Why are you learning a second language? Motivational orientations and self-determination theory. Language Learning 53 (Suppl. 1), 3364. Oller, J.W., Jr. and Perkins, K. (1978a) Intelligence and language proficiency as sources of variance in certain affective measures. Language Learning 28, 8597. Oller, J.W., Jr. and Perkins, K. (1978b) A further comment on language proficiency as a source of variance in certain affective measures. Language Learning 28, 417423. Oxford, R.L. (ed.) (1996) Language Learning Motivation: Pathways to the New Century. University of Hawai’i at Manoa, Honolulu: Second Language Teaching & Curriculum Centre. Oxford, R.L. and Shearin, J. (1994) Language learning motivation: Expanding the theoretical framework. The Modern Language Journal 78, 1228. Pintrich, P.R. (1989) The dynamic interplay of student motivation and cognition in the college classroom. In M.L. Maehr and C. Ames (eds) Advances in Motivation and Achievement: Motivation Enhancing Environments (pp. 117160). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. Schumann, J.H. (1978) The acculturation model for second language acquisition. In R.C. Gingras (ed.) Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Teaching (pp. 2750). Washington: Centre for Applied Linguistics. Schumann, J.H. (1986) Research on the acculturation model for second language acquisition. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 7, 379392. Scollon, R. and Scollon, S.W. (1995) Intercultural Communication: A Discourse Approach. Oxford: Blackwell. Skehan, P. (1991) Individual differences in second language learning. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 13, 275298. Spolsky, B. (2000) Language motivation revisited. Applied Linguistics 21, 157169. Tremblay, P. and Gardner, R.C. (1995) Expanding the motivation construct in language learning. The Modern Language Journal 79, 505520. UK Higher Education Statistics Agency (2004) On WWW at http://www.hesa.ac.uk. Accessed 12.10.04. Unger, J. (1989) A diary study of second language learning: Participant observation in a residential educational setting. Pennsylvania Working Papers in Educational Linguistics 5, 5173. Ushioda, E. (1996) Learner Autonomy (5): The Role of Motivation . Dublin: Authentik. Weiner, B. (1989) Human Motivation . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Weiner, B. (1992) Human Motivation: Metaphors, Theories, and Research. Newbury Park: Sage Publications. Wen, W.P. and Cle´ment, R. (2003) A Chinese conceptualisation of willingness to communicate in ESL. Language, Culture and Curriculum 16, 1838. Williams, M. and Burden, R. (1997) Psychology for Language Teachers: A Social Constructivist Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Williams, M. and Burden, R. (1999) Students’ developing conceptions of themselves as language learners. The Modern Language Journal 83, 193291. Williams, M., Burden, R., Poulet, G. and Maun, I. (2004) Learners’ perceptions of their successes and failures in foreign language learning. Language Learning Journal 30, 1929. Zeng, J. (1996) When East meets West: Mainland Chinese students and scholars in UK Higher Education institutions. Journal of International Education 9, 915.
Centaur Editors: Update this record