Flooding, resettlement and change in livelihoods: evidence from rural Mozambique
Arnall, A., Thomas, D. S.G., Twyman, C. and Liverman, D. (2013) Flooding, resettlement and change in livelihoods: evidence from rural Mozambique. Disasters, 37 (3). pp. 468-488. ISSN 0361-3666
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1111/disa.12003
Post-disaster development policies, such as resettlement, can have major impacts on communities. This article concerns how and why people's livelihoods change as a result of resettlement, and what relocated people's views of such changes are, in the context of natural disasters. It presents two historically-grounded, comparative case studies of post-flood resettlement in rural Mozambique. The studies show a movement away from rain-fed subsistence agriculture towards commercial agriculture and non-agricultural activities. Ability to secure a viable livelihood was a major determinant of whether resettlers remained in their new locations or returned to the river valleys despite the risks that floods posed. The findings suggest that more research is required into 1) understanding why resettlers choose to stay in or abandon designated resettlement areas; 2) what is meant by 'voluntary' and 'involuntary' resettlement in the context of post-disaster reconstruction; and 3) what the policy drivers for resettlement are in developing countries.