A reappraisal of blood clotting response tests for anticoagulant resistance and a proposal for a standardised BCR test methodology
Prescott, C. V., (2003) A reappraisal of blood clotting response tests for anticoagulant resistance and a proposal for a standardised BCR test methodology. RRAC Technical Monograph. 2003. Technical Report. Rodenticide Resistance Action Committee of CropLife International pp21.
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Official URL: http://www.rrac.info/releases_01.htm
Blood clotting response (BCR) resistance tests are available for a number of anticoagulant rodenticides. However, during the development of these tests many of the test parameters have been changed, making meaningful comparisons between results difficult. It was recognised that a standard methodology was urgently required for future BCR resistance tests and, accordingly, this document presents a reappraisal of published tests, and proposes a standard protocol for future use (see Appendix). The protocol can be used to provide information on the incidence and degree of resistance in a particular rodent population; to provide a simple comparison of resistance factors between active ingredients, thus giving clear information about cross-resistance for any given strain; and to provide comparisons of susceptibility or resistance between different populations. The methodology has a sound statistical basis in being based on the ED50 response, and requires many fewer animals than the resistance tests in current use. Most importantly, tests can be used to give a clear indication of the likely practical impact of the resistance on field efficacy. The present study was commissioned and funded by the Rodenticide Resistance Action Committee (RRAC) of CropLife International.