The role of the international cocoa germplasm database and the international cocoa quarantine centre in information management and distribution of cocoa genetic resources
Turnbull, C. J., Daymond, A. J., Lake, H., Main, B. E., Radha, K., Cryer, N. C., End, M. J. and Hadley, P. (2010) The role of the international cocoa germplasm database and the international cocoa quarantine centre in information management and distribution of cocoa genetic resources. In: 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, November 2009, Bali.
A range of physiological parameters (canopy light transmission, canopy shape, leaf size, flowering and flushing intensity) were measured from the International Clone Trial, typically over the course of two years. Data were collected from six locations, these being: Brazil, Ecuador, Trinidad, Venezuela, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. Canopy shape varied significantly between clones, although it showed little variation between locations. Genotypic variation in leaf size was differentially affected by the growth location; such differences appeared to underlie a genotype by environment interaction in relation to canopy light transmission. Flushing data were recorded at monthly intervals over the course of a year. Within each location, a significant interaction was observed between genotype and time of year, suggesting that some genotypes respond to a greater extent than others to environmental stimuli. A similar interaction was observed for flowering data, where significant correlations were found between flowering intensity and temperature in Brazil and flowering intensity and rainfall in Côte d’Ivoire. The results demonstrate the need for local evaluation of cocoa clones and also suggest that the management practices for particular planting material may need to be fine-tuned to the location in which they are cultivated.