‘Everyone now is concentrating on the mining’: drivers and implications of rural economic transition in the Eastern Region of Ghana
Hilson, G. and Garforth, C. (2013) ‘Everyone now is concentrating on the mining’: drivers and implications of rural economic transition in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Journal of Development Studies, 49 (3). pp. 348-364. ISSN 0022-0388
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2012.713469
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is replacing smallholder farming as the principal income source in parts of rural Ghana. Structural adjustment policies have removed support for the country’s smallholders, devalued their produce substantially and stiffened competition with large-scale counterparts. Over one million people nationwide are now engaged in ASM. Findings from qualitative research in Ghana’s Eastern Region are drawn upon to improve understanding of the factors driving this pattern of rural livelihood diversification. The ASM sector and farming are shown to be complementary, contrary to common depictions in policy and academic literature.