Change detection evokes a Simon-like effect
Galfano, G., Mazza, V., Tamè, L., Umiltà, C. and Turatto, M. (2008) Change detection evokes a Simon-like effect. Acta psychologica, 127 (1). pp. 186-196. ISSN 0001-6918
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2007.04.004
A change detection paradigm was used to estimate the role of explicit change detection in the generation of the irrelevant spatial stimulus coding underlying the Simon effect. In one condition, no blank was interposed between two successive displays, which produced efficient change detection. In another condition, the presence of a blank frame produced a robust change blindness effect, which is crucially assumed to occur as the consequence of impaired attentional orienting to the change location. The results showed a strong Simon-like effect under conditions of efficient change detection. By contrast, no Simon-like effect was observed under conditions of change blindness, namely when attention shifting towards the change location was hampered. Experiment 2 supported this pattern by showing that a Simon-like effect could be observed when the blank was present, but only when participants detected the change by means of a cue that was informative as to change location. Overall, our findings show that a Simon-like effect can only be observed under conditions of explicit change detection, likely because a shift of attention towards the change location has occurred.