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Pervasive environment for gases detection and collapses in underground mines

Molina, S., Soto, I., Sun, L. and Liu, K. (2012) Pervasive environment for gases detection and collapses in underground mines. In: Material Research and Applications. Advanced Materials Research, 875-877. Trans Tech Publications, Durnten-Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 2056-2061.

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To link to this item DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.875-877.2056

Abstract/Summary

Safety is an element of extreme priority in mining operations, currently many traditional mining countries are investing in the implementation of wireless sensors capable of detecting risk factors; through early warning signs to prevent accidents and significant economic losses. The objective of this research is to contribute to the implementation of sensors for continuous monitoring inside underground mines providing technical parameters for the design of sensor networks applied in underground coal mines. The application of sensors capable of measuring in real time variables of interest, promises to be of great impact on safety for mining industry. The relationship between the geological conditions and mining method design, establish how to implement a system of continuous monitoring. In this paper, the main causes of accidents for underground coal mines are established based on existing worldwide reports. Variables (temperature, gas, structural faults, fires) that can be related to the most frequent causes of disaster and its relevant measuring range are then presented, also the advantages, management and mining operations are discussed, including the analyzed of applying these systems in terms of Benefit, Opportunity, Cost and Risk. The publication focuses on coal mining, based on the proportion of these events a year worldwide, where a significant number of workers are seriously injured or killed. Finally, a dynamic assessment of safety at underground mines it is proposed, this approach offers a contribution to design personalized monitoring networks, the experience developed in coal mines provides a tool that facilitates the application development of technology within underground coal mines.

Item Type:Book or Report Section
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:32128
Additional Information:Paper given at International Conference on Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, Materials and Energy (ICFMEME 2012) Beijing, China, 20-21 Dec 2012 ISSN:1662-8985
Publisher:Trans Tech Publications

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