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Biosensor-based diagnostics of contaminated groundwater: assessment and remediation strategy

Bhattacharyya, J., Read, D., Amos, S., Dooley, S., Killham, K. and Paton, G. I. (2005) Biosensor-based diagnostics of contaminated groundwater: assessment and remediation strategy. Environmental Pollution, 134 (3). pp. 485-492. ISSN 0269-7491

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2004.09.002

Abstract/Summary

Shallow groundwater beneath a former airfield site in southern England has been heavily contaminated with a wide range of chlorinated solvents. The feasibility of using bacterial biosensors to complement chemical analysis and enable cost-effective, and focussed sampling has been assessed as part of a site evaluation programme. Five different biosensors, three metabolic (Vibrio fischeri, Pseudomonas fluorescens 10568 and Escherichia coli HB101) and two catabolic (Pseudomonas putida TVA8 and E. coli DH5alpha), were employed to identify areas where the availability and toxicity of pollutants is of most immediate environmental concern. The biosensors used showed different sensitivities to each other and to the groundwater samples tested. There was generally a good agreement with chemical analyses. The potential efficacy of remediation strategies was explored by coupling sample manipulation to biosensor tests. Manipulation involved sparging and charcoal treatment procedures to simulate remediative engineering solutions. Sparging was sufficient at most locations. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:3265
Uncontrolled Keywords:biosensor luminescence TCE DNAPL toxicity PSEUDOMONAS-FLUORESCENS TOXICITY ASSESSMENT TRICHLOROETHYLENE BIOREMEDIATION WATER HYDROCARBONS METABOLISM ADSORPTION POLLUTANTS BACTERIAL
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