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Influence of shape and absorbing surface: a numerical study of railway noise barriers

Morgan, P.A., Hothersall, D.C. and Chandler-Wilde, S. N. (1998) Influence of shape and absorbing surface: a numerical study of railway noise barriers. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 217 (3). pp. 405-417. ISSN 0022-460X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1006/jsvi.1998.1773

Abstract/Summary

Results are presented of a study of a performance of various track-side railway noise barriers, determined by using a two- dimensional numerical boundary element model. The basic model uses monopole sources and has been adapted to allow the sources to exhibit dipole-type radiation characteristics. A comparison of boundary element predictions of the performance of simple barriers and vehicle shapes is made with results obtained by using the standard U.K. prediction method. The results obtained from the numerical model indicate that modifying the source to exhibit dipole characteristics becomes more significant as the height of the barrier increases, and suggest that for any particular shape, absorbent barriers provide much better screening efficiency than the rigid equivalent. The cross-section of the rolling stock significantly affects the performance of rigid barriers. If the position of the upper edge is fixed, the results suggest that simple absorptive barriers provide more effective screening than tilted barriers. The addition of multiple edges to a barrier provides additional insertion loss without any increase in barrier height.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code:32655
Publisher:Elsevier

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