Soil geochemical analyses as an indication of metal working at the excavation of a house in the Roman City at Silchester (UK)
Cook, S. R., Fulford, M., Clarke, A. and Pearson, C. (2003) Soil geochemical analyses as an indication of metal working at the excavation of a house in the Roman City at Silchester (UK). Journal de Physique IV, 107 (Part 1). pp. 319-321. ISSN 1155-4339
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20030306
Silchester is the site of a major late Iron Age and Roman town (Calleva Atrebatum), situated in northern Hampshire (England (UK)) and occupied between the late first century BC and the fifth or sixth century AD. Extensive evidence of the nature of the buildings and the plan of the town was obtained from excavations undertaken between 1890 and 1909. The purpose of this study was to use soil geochemical analyses to reinforce the archaeological evidence particularly with reference to potential metal working at the site. Soil analysis has been used previously to distinguish different functions or land use activity over a site and to aid identification and interpretation of settlement features (Entwistle et al., 2000). Samples were taken from two areas of the excavation on a 1-metre grid. Firstly from an area of some 500 square metres from contexts of late first/early second century AD date throughout the entirety of a large 'town house' (House 1) from which there was prima facie evidence of metalworking.