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Overexpression of coconut AINTEGUMENTA-like gene, CnANT, promotes in vitro regeneration in transgenic Arabidopsis

Bandupriya, H. D. D., Gibbings, J. G. and Dunwell, J. M. (2014) Overexpression of coconut AINTEGUMENTA-like gene, CnANT, promotes in vitro regeneration in transgenic Arabidopsis. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 116 (1). pp. 67-79. ISSN 1573-5044

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s11240-013-0383-2

Abstract/Summary

Knowledge of the molecular biological changes underlying the process of embryogenesis is important for the improvement of somatic embryogenesis of coconut. Among the transcription factors that control the transition from vegetative to embryogenic growth, members of APETALA2/Ethylene-responsive element binding protein domain family play an important role in promoting embryo development. Significant insights into the role of AP2 genes have been obtained by the ectopic expression of AP2 sub family genes in transgenic Arabidopsis. A homolog of the AINTEGUMENTA-like gene that encodes the two AP2 domains and the linker region was identified in the coconut genome. Phylogenetic analysis showed that this gene, CnANT, encodes a protein that branched with BABY BOOM/PLETHORA clade in the AINTEGUMENTA-like major clade and was similar to the oil palm EgAP2-1 protein. According to real time RT-PCR results, higher expression of CnANT was observed in more mature zygotic embryos. Also, high CnANT expression was recorded in embryogenic callus compared to other stages of somatic embryogenesis. We examined the effect of ectopic CnANT expression on the development and regenerative capacity of transgenic Arabidopsis. Overexpression of CnANT in Arabidopsis induced hormone free regeneration of explants. Furthermore, ectopic expression of CnANT enhanced regeneration in vitro and suggested a role for this gene in cell proliferation during in vitro culture.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Centre for Food Security
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Biodiversity, Crops and Agroecosystems Division > Crops Research Group
ID Code:34326
Publisher:Springer

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