The effect of aqueous diffusion on the fractionation of chlorine and bromine stable isotopes
Eggenkamp, H. G. M. and Coleman, M. L. (2009) The effect of aqueous diffusion on the fractionation of chlorine and bromine stable isotopes. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 73 (12). pp. 3539-3548. ISSN 0016-7037
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.03.036
Diffusive isotopic fractionation factors are important in order to understand natural processes and have practical application in radioactive waste storage and carbon dioxide sequestration. We determined the isotope fractionation factors and the effective diffusion coefficients of chloride and bromide ions during aqueous diffusion in polyacrylamide gel. Diffusion was determined as functions of temperature, time and concentration. The effect of temperature is relatively large on the diffusion coefficient (D) but only small on isotope fractionation. For chlorine, the ratio, D-35cl/D-37cl varied from 1.00128 +/- 0.00017 (1 sigma) at 2 degrees C to 1.00192 +/- 0.00015 at 80 degrees C. For bromine, D-79Br/D-81Br varied from 1.00098 +/- 0.00009 at 2 degrees C to 1.0064 +/- 0.00013 at 21 degrees C and 1.00078 +/- 0.00018 (1 sigma) at 80 degrees C. There were no significant effects on the isotope fractionation due to concentration. The lack of sensitivity of the diffusive isotope fractionation to anything at the most common temperatures (0 to 30 C) makes it particularly valuable for application to understanding processes in geological environments and an important natural tracer in order to understand fluid transport processes. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.