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Agricultural policies exacerbate honeybee pollination service supply-demand mismatches across Europe

Breeze, T. D., Vaissière, B. E., Bommarco, R., Petanidou, T., Seraphides, N., Kozák, L., Scheper, J., Biesmeijer, J. C., Kleijn, D., Gyldenkærne, S., Moretti, M., Holzschuh, A., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Stout, J. C., Pärtel, M., Zobel, M. and Potts, S. G. (2014) Agricultural policies exacerbate honeybee pollination service supply-demand mismatches across Europe. PLoS ONE, 9 (1). e82996. ISSN 1932-6203

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082996

Abstract/Summary

Declines in insect pollinators across Europe have raised concerns about the supply of pollination services to agriculture. Simultaneously, EU agricultural and biofuel policies have encouraged substantial growth in the cultivated area of insect pollinated crops across the continent. Using data from 41 European countries, this study demonstrates that the recommended number of honeybees required to provide crop pollination across Europe has risen 4.9 times as fast as honeybee stocks between 2005 and 2010. Consequently, honeybee stocks were insufficient to supply >90% of demands in 22 countries studied. These findings raise concerns about the capacity of many countries to cope with major losses of wild pollinators and highlight numerous critical gaps in current understanding of pollination service supplies and demands, pointing to a pressing need for further research into this issue.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Biodiversity, Crops and Agroecosystems Division > Centre for Agri-environmental Research (CAER)
ID Code:35666
Uncontrolled Keywords:Agriculture; Ecosystems; Europe; Habitats; Honey bees; Insects; Pollination; rapeseed
Publisher:Public Library of Science

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