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The regulation of seasonal flowering in the Rosaceae

Kurokura, T., Mimida, N., Battey, N. H. and Hytonen, T. (2013) The regulation of seasonal flowering in the Rosaceae. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64 (14). pp. 4131-4141. ISSN 0022-0957

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1093/jxb/ert233

Abstract/Summary

Molecular mechanisms regulating the flowering process have been extensively studied in model annual plants; in perennials, however, understanding of the molecular mechanisms controlling flowering has just started to emerge. Here we review the current state of flowering research in perennial plants of the rose family (Rosaceae), which is one of the most economically important families of horticultural plants. Strawberry (Fragaria spp.), raspberry (Rubus spp.), rose (Rosa spp.), and apple (Malus spp.) are used to illustrate how photoperiod and temperature control seasonal flowering in rosaceous crops. We highlight recent molecular studies which have revealed homologues of TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1) to be major regulators of both the juvenile to adult, and the vegetative to reproductive transitions in various rosaceous species. Additionally, recent advances in understanding of the regulation of TFL1 are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
ID Code:36389
Uncontrolled Keywords:Apple perennial raspberry rose strawberry TFL1
Additional Information:Full text freely available on publisher website (see DOI link)
Publisher:Oxford University Press

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