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Acoustic and petrophysical relationships in low-shale sandstone reservoir rocks

Khazanehdari, J. and McCann, C. (2005) Acoustic and petrophysical relationships in low-shale sandstone reservoir rocks. Geophysical Prospecting, 53 (4). pp. 447-461. ISSN 0016-8025

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Abstract/Summary

This paper describes the measurements of the acoustic and petrophysical properties of two suites of low-shale sandstone samples from North Sea hydrocarbon reservoirs, under simulated reservoir conditions. The acoustic velocities and quality factors of the samples, saturated with different pore fluids (brine, dead oil and kerosene), were measured at a frequency of about 0.8 MHz and over a range of pressures from 5 MPa to 40 MPa. The compressional-wave velocity is strongly correlated with the shear-wave velocity in this suite of rocks. The ratio V-P/V-S varies significantly with change of both pore-fluid type and differential pressure, confirming the usefulness of this parameter for seismic monitoring of producing reservoirs. The results of quality factor measurements were compared with predictions from Biot-flow and squirt-flow loss mechanisms. The results suggested that the dominating loss in these samples is due to squirt-flow of fluid between the pores of various geometries. The contribution of the Biot-flow loss mechanism to the total loss is negligible. The compressional-wave quality factor was shown to be inversely correlated with rock permeability, suggesting the possibility of using attenuation as a permeability indicator tool in low-shale, high-porosity sandstone reservoirs.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:3709
Uncontrolled Keywords:ULTRASONIC WAVE-PROPAGATION; SATURATED ROCKS; BEREA SANDSTONE; CLAY CONTENT; COMPRESSIONAL-WAVE; FREQUENCY RANGE; ELASTIC WAVES; ATTENUATION; VELOCITIES; PRESSURE
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