Variation in dynamic elastic shear modulus of sandstone upon fluid saturation and substitution
Khazanehdari, J. and Sothcott, J. (2003) Variation in dynamic elastic shear modulus of sandstone upon fluid saturation and substitution. Geophysics, 68 (2). pp. 472-481. ISSN 0016-8033
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1190/1.1567213
Experimental acoustic measurements on sandstone rocks at both sonic and ultrasonic frequencies show that fluid saturation can cause a noticeable change in both the dynamic bulk and shear elastic moduli of sandstones. We observed that the change in dynamic shear modulus upon fluid saturation is highly dependent on the type of saturant, its viscosity, rock microstructure, and applied pressures. Frequency dispersion has some influence on dynamic elastic moduli too, but its effect is limited to the ultrasonic frequency ranges and above. We propose that viscous coupling, reduction in free surface energy, and, to a limited extent, frequency dispersion due to both local and global flow are the main mechanisms responsible for the change in dynamic shear elastic modulus upon fluid saturation and substitution, and we quantify influences.