Phosphorus dynamics and export in streams draining micro-catchments: Development of empirical models
Kronvang, B., Bechmann, M., Pedersen, M. L. and Flynn, N. J. (2003) Phosphorus dynamics and export in streams draining micro-catchments: Development of empirical models. JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE, 166 (4). pp. 469-474. ISSN 1436-8730
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/jpln.200321164
Annual total phosphorus (TP) export data from 108 European micro-catchments were analyzed against descriptive catchment data on climate (runoff), soil types, catchment size, and land use. The best possible empirical model developed included runoff, proportion of agricultural land and catchment size as explanatory variables but with a low explanation of the variance in the dataset (R-2 = 0.37). Improved country specific empirical models could be developed in some cases. The best example was from Norway where an analysis of TP-export data from 12 predominantly agricultural micro-catchments revealed a relationship explaining 96% of the variance in TP-export. The explanatory variables were in this case soil-P status (P-AL), proportion of organic soil, and the export of suspended sediment. Another example is from Denmark where an empirical model was established for the basic annual average TP-export from 24 catchments with percentage sandy soils, percentage organic soils, runoff, and application of phosphorus in fertilizer and animal manure as explanatory variables (R-2 = 0.97).