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Effect of pH on the development of acidic sites in clayey and sandy loam Oxisol from the Cerrado Region, Brazil

Mendonca, E. D., Rowell, D. L., Martins, A. G. and da Silva, A. P. (2006) Effect of pH on the development of acidic sites in clayey and sandy loam Oxisol from the Cerrado Region, Brazil. Geoderma, 132 (1-2). pp. 131-142. ISSN 0016-7061

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.05.001

Abstract/Summary

Titration curves were determined for soil from horizon samples of a clayey and a sandy loam Oxisol by (a) adding NaOH to soil suspensions and (b) incubating moist soils with Ca(OH)(2). The organic fraction was primarily responsible for buffering in both soils. Humic acids were more important than fulvic acids in buffering against NaOH additions. With Ca(OH)(2), greater buffer capacities were found due to carboxyl sites, primarily on fulvic acids, becoming complexed with Ca2+ so that in the clay soil humic and fulvic acids were equally important as buffering components while fulvic acids were more important in the sandy loam soil. The buffer capacity of organic matter against Ca(OH)(2) additions was 1.1 mol(c) kg(-1) pH(-1). In the incubated soils, exchangeable cations were also determined and changes in the amounts of exchangeable and non-exchangeable Ca2+ acidity and effective cation exchange capacity were calculated. Up to half the added Ca2+ became complexed and was nonexchangeable. Aluminum complexed by organic matter appears to be an important buffering component, together with non exchangeable H+. With the increase of pH the dissociated sites from the carboxyl groups could complex Ca2+. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
ID Code:3801
Uncontrolled Keywords:humic substances buffer capacity aluminum calcium organic complexes CATION-EXCHANGE CAPACITY LIME REQUIREMENT SOILS CHARGE COMPLEXATION QUEENSLAND CALCIUM
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