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Many-body effect in electrorheological responses

Wang, Z., Lin, Z. F. and Tao, R. B. (1996) Many-body effect in electrorheological responses. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 10 (10). pp. 1153-1166. ISSN 1793-6578

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1142/S0217979296000428

Abstract/Summary

The many-body effect in the kinetic responses of ER fluids is studied by a molecular-dynamic simulation method. The mutual polarization effects of the particles are considered by self-consistently calculating the dipole strength on each particle according to the external field and the dipole field due to all the other particles in the fluids. The many-body effect is found to increase with the enhancement of the particle concentration and the permittivity ratio between the solvent and the particles. The calculated response times are shorter than that predicted with the 'point-dipole' model and agree very well with experimental results. The many-body effect enhances the shear stresses of the fluids by several times. But they are not proportional to the many-body correction factor lambda as expected. This is due to the fact that larger interaction forces between the particles lead to coarsening of the fibers formed in the suspensions. The results show that the many-body and multipolar interaction between the particles must be treated comprehensively in the simulations in order to get more reliable results.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code:38033
Publisher:World Scientific

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