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A review of studies performed to assess metal uptake by earthworms

Nahmani, J., Hodson, M. E. and Black, S. (2007) A review of studies performed to assess metal uptake by earthworms. Environmental Pollution, 145 (2). pp. 402-424. ISSN 0269-7491

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2006.04.009

Abstract/Summary

Earthworms perform a number of essential functions in soil; the impacts of metals on earthworms are often investigated. In this review we consider the range of earthworm species, types of soil and forms of metal for which metal uptake and accumulation have been studied, the design of these experiments and the quantitative relationships that have been derived to predict earthworm metal body burden. We conclude that there is a need for more studies on earthworm species other than Eisenia fetida in order to apply the large existing database on this earthworm to other, soil dwelling species. To aid comparisons between studies agreement is needed on standard protocols that define exposure and deputation periods and the parameters, such as soil solution composition, soil chemical and physical properties to be measured. It is recommended that more field or terrestrial model ecosystem studies using real contaminated soil rather than metal-amended artificial soils are performed. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Archaeology
Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Scientific Archaeology
Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Earth Systems Science
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
ID Code:3913
Uncontrolled Keywords:earthworms metals uptake accumulation kinetics toxicity EISENIA-FOETIDA OLIGOCHAETA FUNGICIDE COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE LUMBRICUS-RUBELLUS HEAVY-METALS APORRECTODEA-CALIGINOSA DENDROBAENA-VENETA TOXICITY TEST CONTAMINATED SOILS CU ACCUMULATION TERRESTRIAL INVERTEBRATES
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