Wetland restoration within agricultural watersheds: Balancing water quality protection with habitat conservation
Niedermeier, A., Robinson, J. S. and Reid, D. (2004) Wetland restoration within agricultural watersheds: Balancing water quality protection with habitat conservation. In: International Symposium on Nutrient Management in Agricultural Watersheds - A Wetlands Solution, Wexford, IRELAND, pp. 55-70.
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Peat wetlands that have been restored from agricultural Land have the potential to act as Long term sources of phosphorus (P) and, therefore have to potenital to accelerate freshwater eutrophication. During a two-year study the water table in a eutrophic fen peat that was managed by pump drainage fluctuated annually between +20 cm and -60 cm relative to ground Level. This precise management was facilitated by the high hydraulic conductivity (K) of the humified peat (1.1 x 10(-5) m s(-1)) below around 60 cm depth. However, during one week of intermittent pumping, as much as 50 g ha(-1) dissolved P entered the pumped ditch. Summer. rainfall events and autumn reflooding also triggered P losses. The P Losses were attributed to the low P sorption capacity (217 mg kg(-1)) of the saturated peat below 60 cm, combined with its high K and the reductive dissolution of Fe bound P.