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Exploration of the neural correlates of cerebral palsy for sensorimotor BCI control

Daly, I., Faller, J., Scherer, R., Sweeney-Reed, C. M., Nasuto, S., Billinger, M. and Muller-Putz, G. R. (2014) Exploration of the neural correlates of cerebral palsy for sensorimotor BCI control. Frontiers in Neuroengineering, 7 (20). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1662-6443

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3389/fneng.2014.00020

Abstract/Summary

Cerebral palsy (CP) includes a broad range of disorders, which can result in impairment of posture and movement control. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have been proposed as assistive devices for individuals with CP. Better understanding of the neural processing underlying motor control in affected individuals could lead to more targeted BCI rehabilitation and treatment options. We have explored well-known neural correlates of movement, including event-related desynchronization (ERD), phase synchrony, and a recently-introduced measure of phase dynamics, in participants with CP and healthy control participants. Although present, significantly less ERD and phase locking were found in the group with CP. Additionally, inter-group differences in phase dynamics were also significant. Taken together these findings suggest that users with CP exhibit lower levels of motor cortex activation during motor imagery, as reflected in lower levels of ongoing mu suppression and less functional connectivity. These differences indicate that development of BCIs for individuals with CP may pose additional challenges beyond those faced in providing BCIs to healthy individuals.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Department of Bio-Engineering
ID Code:39816
Uncontrolled Keywords:electroencephalogram (EEG), brain-computer interface (BCI), cerebral palsy, sensorimotor rhythm, event-related desynchronization (ERD), phase synchrony, phase dynamics
Publisher:Frontiers

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