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Adaptive B-spline neural network based nonlinear equalization for high-order QAM systems with nonlinear transmit high power amplifier

Chen, S., Hong, X., Khalaf, E., Morfeq, A. and Alotaibi, N. D. (2015) Adaptive B-spline neural network based nonlinear equalization for high-order QAM systems with nonlinear transmit high power amplifier. Digital Signal Processing, 40. pp. 238-249. ISSN 1051-2004

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.dsp.2015.02.006


High bandwidth-efficiency quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signaling widely adopted in high-rate communication systems suffers from a drawback of high peak-toaverage power ratio, which may cause the nonlinear saturation of the high power amplifier (HPA) at transmitter. Thus, practical high-throughput QAM communication systems exhibit nonlinear and dispersive channel characteristics that must be modeled as a Hammerstein channel. Standard linear equalization becomes inadequate for such Hammerstein communication systems. In this paper, we advocate an adaptive B-Spline neural network based nonlinear equalizer. Specifically, during the training phase, an efficient alternating least squares (LS) scheme is employed to estimate the parameters of the Hammerstein channel, including both the channel impulse response (CIR) coefficients and the parameters of the B-spline neural network that models the HPA’s nonlinearity. In addition, another B-spline neural network is used to model the inversion of the nonlinear HPA, and the parameters of this inverting B-spline model can easily be estimated using the standard LS algorithm based on the pseudo training data obtained as a natural byproduct of the Hammerstein channel identification. Nonlinear equalisation of the Hammerstein channel is then accomplished by the linear equalization based on the estimated CIR as well as the inverse B-spline neural network model. Furthermore, during the data communication phase, the decision-directed LS channel estimation is adopted to track the time-varying CIR. Extensive simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed B-Spline neural network based nonlinear equalization scheme.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:39870
Uncontrolled Keywords:Quadrature amplitude modulation, Peak-to-average power ratio, Nonlinear high power amplifier, Hammerstein channel, B-spline neural network, Equalization

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