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Comparison of bioactivities, binding properties and intra-follicular levels of bovine follistatins

Glister, C., Sunderland, S. J., Boland, M. P., Ireland, J. J. and Knight, P. G. (2015) Comparison of bioactivities, binding properties and intra-follicular levels of bovine follistatins. Reproduction, 150 (2). pp. 85-96. ISSN 1470-1626

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1530/REP-15-0086

Abstract/Summary

Five isoforms of follistatin (FST) (Mr 31, 33, 35, 37, 41kDa) were purified from bovine follicular fluid (bFF). Comparison of their activin- and heparan sulphate proteoglycan (HSP)-binding properties and bio-potencies in neutralization of activin-A action in vitro revealed that all five isoforms bound activin-A, but with different affinities. Only the 31kDa isoform (FST-288) bound to HSP. FST-288 also showed the greatest biopotency with 35 and 41kDa isoforms being least potent. To determine whether bovine follicle development is associated with changing intrafollicular FST and activin profiles, we analyzed bFF from dominant (DF) and subordinate (SF) follicles collected at strategic times during a synchronized estrous cycle. Total FST, activin-A and activin-AB were measured by immunoassay while individual FST isoforms were quantified by immunoblotting. Follicle diameter was positively correlated with estrogen:progesterone ratio (r=0.56) in bFF but negatively correlated with activin-A (r=-0.34), activin-AB (r=-0.80) and ‘total’ FST (r=-0.70) levels. Follicle diameter was positively correlated with abundance of the 41 kDa isoform (r=0.59) but negatively correlated with abundance of 33 and 31 kDa isoforms (r=-0.56, -0.41). Both follicle status (DF vs SF) and cycle stage affected total FST, activin-A, activin-B levels while follicle status, but not cycle stage, affected abundance of 41, 37, 33 and 31kDa FST isoforms. Collectively, these findings indicate that intrafollicular FST isoforms that differ in their ability to bind and neutralise activins and associate with cell-surface proteoglycans, show divergent changes during follicle development. Enhanced FST production may have an important negative role, either directly or via inhibition of the positive effects of activins, on follicle growth and function during follicular waves.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:40355
Uncontrolled Keywords:follistatin, activin, ovary, follicle, bovine, cattle
Publisher:BioScientifica

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