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Presubmergence and green manure affect the transformations of nitrogen-15-labeled urea under lowland soil conditions

Thind, H. S. and Rowell, D. L. (2003) Presubmergence and green manure affect the transformations of nitrogen-15-labeled urea under lowland soil conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science-Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenernahrung Und Bodenkunde, 166 (4). pp. 507-512. ISSN 1436-8730

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/jpln.200321093

Abstract/Summary

The effect of presubmergence and green manuring on various processes involved in [N-15]-urea transformations were studied in a growth chamber after [N-15]-urea application to floodwater. Presubmergence for 14 days increased urea hydrolysis rates and floodwater pH, resulting in higher NH3 volatilization as compared to without presubmergence. Presubmergence also increased nitrification and subsequent denitrification but lower N assimilation by floodwater algae caused higher gaseous losses. Addition of green manure maintained higher NH4+-N concentration in floodwater mainly because of lower nitrification rates but resulted in highest NH3 volatilization losses. Although green manure did not affect the KCl extractable NH4+-N from applied fertilizer, it maintained higher NH4+-N content due to its decomposition and increased mineralization of organic N. After 32 days about 36.9% (T-1), 23.9% (T-2), and 36.4% (T-3) of the applied urea N was incorporated in the pool of soil organic N in treatments. It was evident that the presubmergence has effected the recovery of applied urea N.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
ID Code:4145
Uncontrolled Keywords:ammonia volatilization denitrification floodwater algae floodwater pH green manure N-15-urea N transformations AMMONIA VOLATILIZATION LOSSES FLOODED RICE SOILS AEROBIC SOIL NITROGEN ALGAE PH DENITRIFICATION FLOODWATER DEPTH
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