The unsteady flow of a weakly compressible fluid in a thin porous layer. I: Two-dimensional theory
Needham, D. J., Langdon, S., Busswell, G. S. and Gilchrist, J. P. (2009) The unsteady flow of a weakly compressible fluid in a thin porous layer. I: Two-dimensional theory. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics (SIAP), 69 (4). pp. 1084-1109. ISSN 0036-1399
To link to this article DOI: 10.1137/070703405
We consider the problem of determining the pressure and velocity fields for a weakly compressible fluid flowing in a two-dimensional reservoir in an inhomogeneous, anisotropic porous medium, with vertical side walls and variable upper and lower boundaries, in the presence of vertical wells injecting or extracting fluid. Numerical solution of this problem may be expensive, particularly in the case that the depth scale of the layer h is small compared to the horizontal length scale l. This is a situation which occurs frequently in the application to oil reservoir recovery. Under the assumption that epsilon=h/l<<1, we show that the pressure field varies only in the horizontal direction away from the wells (the outer region). We construct two-term asymptotic expansions in epsilon in both the inner (near the wells) and outer regions and use the asymptotic matching principle to derive analytical expressions for all significant process quantities. This approach, via the method of matched asymptotic expansions, takes advantage of the small aspect ratio of the reservoir, epsilon, at precisely the stage where full numerical computations become stiff, and also reveals the detailed structure of the dynamics of the flow, both in the neighborhood of wells and away from wells.