Implicit and explicit knowledge bases in artificial grammar learning
Dienes, Z., Broadbent, D. and Berry, D. C. (1991) Implicit and explicit knowledge bases in artificial grammar learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 17 (5). pp. 875-887. ISSN 0278-7393
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1037/0278-73188.8.131.525
Two experiments examined the claim for distinct implicit and explicit learning modes in the artificial grammar-learning task (Reber, 1967, 1989). Subjects initially attempted to memorize strings of letters generated by a finite-state grammar and then classified new grammatical and nongrammatical strings. Experiment 1 showed that subjects' assessment of isolated parts of strings was sufficient to account for their classification performance but that the rules elicited in free report were not sufficient. Experiment 2 showed that performing a concurrent random number generation task under different priorities interfered with free report and classification performance equally. Furthermore, giving different groups of subjects incidental or intentional learning instructions did not affect classification or free report.