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Activation of p21-activated protein kinase alpha (alpha PAK) by hyperosmotic shock in neonatal ventricular myocytes.

Clerk, A. and Sugden, P. H. (1997) Activation of p21-activated protein kinase alpha (alpha PAK) by hyperosmotic shock in neonatal ventricular myocytes. FEBS letters, 403 (1). pp. 23-5. ISSN 0014-5793

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Abstract/Summary

The p21-activated protein kinases (PAKs) may participate in signalling from Cdc42/Rac1 to the stress-regulated MAPKs (SAPKs/JNKs and p38-/HOG-1-related-MAPKs). We characterized the expression and regulation of alpha PAK in cultured ventricular myocytes. alpha PAK was specifically immunoprecipitated from myocyte extracts. High basal alpha PAK activity was detected in unstimulated myocytes. Its activity was increased rapidly (<30 s) by hyperosmotic shock in the presence of okadaic acid, and was maximal by 3 min (187 +/- 7% relative to unstimulated cells). Endothelin-1 and interleukin-1beta, which also activate SAPKs/JNKs, did not increase alpha PAK activity and presumably act through different PAK isoforms or other mechanisms.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:50530

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