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Activation of protein kinase cascades in the heart by hypertrophic G protein-coupled receptor agonists.

Clerk, A. and Sugden, P. H. (1999) Activation of protein kinase cascades in the heart by hypertrophic G protein-coupled receptor agonists. The American journal of cardiology, 83 (12A). 64H-69H. ISSN 0002-9149

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Abstract/Summary

Cardiac myocyte hypertrophy involves changes in cell structure and alterations in protein expression regulated at both the transcriptional and translational levels. Hypertrophic G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists such as endothelin-(ET-1) and phenylephrine stimulate a number of protein kinase cascades in the heart. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades stimulated include the extracellularly regulated kinase cascade, the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase cascade, and the p38 MAPK cascade. All 3 pathways have been implicated in hypertrophy, but recent ex vivo evidence also suggests that there may be additional effects on cell survival. ET-1 and phenylephrine also stimulate the protein kinase B pathway, and this may be involved in the regulation of protein synthesis by these agonists. Thus, protein kinase-mediated signaling may be important in the regulation of the development of myocyte hypertrophy.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:No
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:50835

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