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Regulation of protein kinase B and 4E-BP1 by oxidative stress in cardiac myocytes.

Pham, F. H., Sugden, P. H. and Clerk, A. (2000) Regulation of protein kinase B and 4E-BP1 by oxidative stress in cardiac myocytes. Circulation research, 86 (12). pp. 1252-8. ISSN 1524-4571

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Abstract/Summary

Stimulation of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (PKB) is implicated in the regulation of protein synthesis in various cells. One mechanism involves PI3K/PKB-dependent phosphorylation of 4E-BP1, which dissociates from eIF4E, allowing initiation of translation from the 7-methylGTP cap of mRNAs. We examined the effects of insulin and H(2)O(2) on this pathway in neonatal cardiac myocytes. Cardiac myocyte protein synthesis was increased by insulin, but was inhibited by H(2)O(2). PI3K inhibitors attenuated basal levels of protein synthesis and inhibited the insulin-induced increase in protein synthesis. Insulin or H(2)O(2) increased the phosphorylation (activation) of PKB through PI3K, but, whereas insulin induced a sustained response, the response to H(2)O(2) was transient. 4E-BP1 was phosphorylated in unstimulated cells, and 4E-BP1 phosphorylation was increased by insulin. H(2)O(2) stimulated dephosphorylation of 4E-BP1 by increasing protein phosphatase (PP1/PP2A) activity. This increased the association of 4E-BP1 with eIF4E, consistent with H(2)O(2) inhibition of protein synthesis. The effects of H(2)O(2) were sufficient to override the stimulation of protein synthesis and 4E-BP1 phosphorylation induced by insulin. These results indicate that PI3K and PKB are important regulators of protein synthesis in cardiac myocytes, but other factors, including phosphatase activity, modulate the overall response.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:50928

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