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Differentiation in populations of the apple scab fungus Venturia inaequalis on cultivars in a mixed orchard remains over time

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Passey, T. A. J., Shaw, M. and Xu, X. (2016) Differentiation in populations of the apple scab fungus Venturia inaequalis on cultivars in a mixed orchard remains over time. Plant Pathology, 65 (7). pp. 1133-1141. ISSN 1365-3059

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12492

Abstract/Summary

The ascomycete Venturia inaequalis causes annual epidemics of apple scab worldwide. Scab development is reduced in mixed cultivar orchards compared with monocultures. To use mixtures in commercial production, we need to understand how the population of scab changes in a mixed orchard and how likely a super race, with virulence factors overcoming multiple resistance factors in the mixed orchard, is to emerge and become dominant. We used short sequence repeat (SSR) markers to investigate the temporal change of scab populations in two mixed cultivar orchards in the UK to infer the likelihood of emergence of a scab super race. There were no significant differences between the populations at the two sampling times (six or seven years apart) in either of the two mixed orchards. In one of the orchards apple scab populations on different cultivars were significantly different and the differences did not diminish over time. These results suggest that it is not inevitable that a super race of V. inaequalis will become dominant during the lifetime of a commercial apple orchard.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Biodiversity, Crops and Agroecosystems Division > Crops Research Group
ID Code:51892
Publisher:Wiley

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